Geographical Indication Tag - GI Tag
Why does Rosogulla equate to Bengal? Or Kancheepuram sarees to Tamil Nadu? Or Pashmina to Kashmir? Or Chikankari to Lucknow?
Since these regions are known for their origins of these products, which give them their clear identity.
These products need a precise geographical origin as well as hold unique features due to it. Therefore, these products carry a Geographical Indication of GI tag.
The Paris Convention, which was passed in a year1883, applies to protect industrial property in the broad sense of terms of trade-related aspects and convention for the protection.
This international agreement made a major first step in protecting the creators of unique goods and ensuring that their products or services or agricultural goods harvesting with intellectual works was protected in all countries.
Which is an International agreement for an essential attributable view of intellectual property rights trips.
It also includes industrial designs, patents, utility models, trade names, trademarks, service marks, geographical indications - GI tag, and the repression of unfair competition and constraints unfair practices.
What is a GI tag?
It is a marker or indication used on products, which indicates that a product originates from a specific region that lends the product its fine reputation and unique features.
It implies that the product's quality and characteristics are primarily attributable to the good's geographic origin.
A GI tag is like a trademark or a patent or copyright for handicrafts, agricultural goods, foodstuff, and manufactured products for that location.
After the Geographical Indications of Goods Registration & Protection Act, 1999 was brought into force in 2003, India started the practice of Geographical Indication tagging.
GI tags aim to support the local production and to mainstream and empower the tribal and rural population.
Any other region or country will not claim the GI tag of one area or region.
Thus, the place of that product origin becomes a sort of intellectual property.
Today, India has more than 300 goods with a GI tag. Some of these are listed below.
As per Article 22 of WTO, Geographical indications are, for the contract, refers which identify a good as origin in the area of a Member, aspects of Intellectual property, or a region or locality in that area, where a certain quality, repute, or another quality of the good basically results to geographical origin.
Source credits WTO
GI Tag full form
GI Tag full form is a geographical Indication tag. This certifies you the source of the product means where it is cultured or from which location.
Who gives GI tag - GI tag ministry
In India Department, the promotion of industry and industrial trade offers GI tags. They help Indian players excel in their business with the GI tag as a certificate of origin.
Click to visit their website.
a. Darjeeling Tea - 1st gi tag in India
The first GI tag in India awarded after the Geographical Indication Act, 1999, came into force with effect in September 2003, which was for tea produced in Darjeeling.
Darjeeling tea was made from the Camellia Sinensis plant.
Darjeeling tea is grown in the Kalimpong or Darjeeling district of West Bengal.
It is thin, has a light color, and a flowery fragrance.
Darjeeling tea grows in three flushes. Each of the flushes starts with the emergence of new, tender tea leaves and ends with the harvest of tea leaves.
The first flush lasts from March to May, the second from June to August, and the autumn flush lasts from October to November.
Each flush confers a different, unique taste to the tea. The flavanols present in the tea react with the oxygen in the air and impacts the flavor.
The flavor of the tea is also impacted by fermentation. Oolong tea is a semi-fermented type of tea, whereas Darjeeling black tea is entirely fermented.
Darjeeling tea, however, is not fermented at all. The unique flavor and aroma won Darjeeling tea it's GI tag.
Kashmir is one of the biggest exporters of Saffron, second to Iran. Pampore, Srinagar, Khistwar regions of Kashmir are famous for growing Kashmiri Saffron.
Saffron production is a tiresome process. Saffron stigmas are hand-plucked from the Saffron flower, which is dried. 75,000 saffron flowers produce a pound of Saffron.
Kashmir Saffron is the best Saffron produced in India, which has a unique aroma, flavor, and enticing color. It is used in multiple dishes across various cuisines and also as a remedy for different problems.
Khusro rightly said:
"Agar Firdaus bar-rū-e-zamīñ ast hamīñ ast o hamīñ ast o hamīñ ast."
"If there is heaven on earth, it's here (in Kashmir), it's here."
Kashmir Saffron's rich color, aroma, and flavor are why Khusro believes Kashmir is like heaven on earth.
c. Basmati Rice - GI tag for Basmati Rice
Grown in the Punjab, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi, western Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Himachal Pradesh, Basmati is a kind of white rice.
India accounts for two-thirds of Basmati global export. In 2019-2020, India exported 44,54,656.70 metric tonnes of Basmati rice, which accounts for Rs. 31 025.90 crores.
Rice is typically classified as long grain, short grain, and medium grain. Basmati is a long-grain rice with a beautiful and unique aroma.
Unlike Jasmine rice, Basmati fluffs up when cooked, has an intense nutty flavor, and a thick texture. It is widely used to cook pilafs, biryanis, and porridges.
The long, beautiful grains, lovely aroma, and strong Basmati flavor are known to the Indian subcontinent.
Grown across the 200 kilometers Konkan coast of Maharashtra in Devgad and Ratnagiri, Palghar, Thane, and Raigad Alphonso mango, or Hapus, is one of the best mangoes in the world.
There have been several trials to grow Alphonso mangoes as a whole world. Still, the terrain and the coastal yet best soil of Ratnagiri and Devgad help Hapus get its unique taste, aroma, and color.
A ripe Alphonso mango is a little hard to touch, has a saffron-yellow skin, with a sweet aroma. Alphonso season lasts from mid-April to June-end.
The rich, non-fibrous, and creamy texture, inviting aroma, and lovely taste noted Alphonso mangoes on the 'Top 100 foods to eat before you die' list.
This is the mango, which is GI tag certified Alphonso Mangoes, which we supply right up to your home.
We at https://www.Alphonsomango.in are certified GI TAG trader where we source from GI tag certified farmer and deliver right up to you. With our well trained logistic partners.
e. Black Rice - GI tag for Black Rice
Manipur black rice is the new addition to the GI tag list of India. It is a type of black rice.
Black rice is also known as Chakhao Amubi in Manipur, where Chakhao meaning is delicious, and Amubi means black.
No Manipuri festivals are complete without a black rice kheer.
Black rice has a unique aroma and is glutinous.
When cooked, it gets a purple shade and a strong nutty flavor.
Crop of black rice has been a practice for centuries now. The best part is that black rice is grown naturally without the use of any chemical pesticides.
Black rice needs to be soaked overnight before cooking. The lovely, tasty nutty flavor, lovely color, and organic farming method rank black rice one of India'sIndia'sIndia's best foods.
India is a vastly diverse country. One can't point out just one thing or relic and say that's Indian culture.
Indian culture is vivid. It is marked by new and old, the past and the present, the new and traditional.
GI certification helps in maintaining this diversity. It makes sure that the new people don't overshadow the past, the tradition just because it is old.
GI certification is basic because it makes sure that the rural and tribal communities earn the dignity and dime that their hard work deserves!
f. Ratlam Sev
There will be hard people, very few people who may not be heard of Ratlam Sev.
A Sev from Ratlam Madhya Pradesh with its excellent light-yellow color is really so crispy that it is fried.
It is prepared with some spices and gram flour. It has an interesting history.
The history behind Ratlam Sev
When Moghul emperors were traveling from the Malwa region (now this area is called Madhya Pradesh)
They could not get wheat to prepare the seviyan (vermicelli for kheer), they started to search for seviyan. They inquired about it to the local Bhil tribe(a local tribe) prepare it with gram flour.
It is also called as ‘Bhildi sev’ that is said to be the herald of Ratlam sev.
Which was first prepared for sale in the early years of1900s.
This Ratlami sev got its GI tag in 2015.
GI tag in India - GI tag website
State with highest GI tag
Karnataka is highest in GI tag registration.
How many GI tag in India 2020
Since 2004, there are 361 GI tag certified products or services in India, which signify the product's authenticity for origin.