Mango color Why are mangoes yellow inside?
A fruit undergoes significant changes when it ripens. You must've observed a raw mango change its color from green to green-yellow, and eventually, to bright yellow as it ripens when kept at room temperature.
- The respiration rate of the fruit heightens.
- The fruit produces ethylene.
- The flesh of the fruit turns from hard to soft.
- The color or shade of the fruit changes.
- The fruit develops a distinct aroma and flavor.
Mangoes, too, go through the same process. The outsides of mangoes soften. They turn yellow from the inside out and develop a unique flavor and aroma.
One of the reasons why ripe mangos are yellow is the loss of Chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is an agent present in leaves and fruits which lend them their green color and aid the photosynthetic process.
All of this explains the yellow exteriors of mangoes, but why are mangoes yellow on the insides? Mangoes contain beta carotene, which lends their interiors a beautiful yellow hue.
Beta carotene is a phytochemical. Mangoes are packed with carotenoids, which are produced using phytoene. The phytoene leads to an integration of orange-yellow carotenoids, thereby turning mangoes yellow.
Another explanation suggests that a water-soluble pigment found in the mango membrane called anthocyanin is responsible for the yellow, orange, and reddish shades of mango.
Along with the soil, climate, and overall topographic conditions, the intricate biological and biochemical processes within mangoes make them the most incredible fruit ever!