A sweet tasty & juicy tropical drupe fruit (Stone fruit) cultivated from multiple types of tropical trees, which are a variety of flowering blooming plant genus Mangifera, cultured for their edible, tasty mesmerizing fruit in all over India, Asia, and other countries.
Scientific Name : Mangifera indica
Historians have researched that it is originated from India from the area including, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and North-eastern India.
Earlier historians and travelers who use to travel in India or Indian traveler who use to go out of India in their articles suggest that it originated in India. Then it was propagated to the rest of the world and South East Asia due to its lovely taste of the king of fruit.
Scientific and Technical Description
Scientific name: Mangifera indica L.
Higher classification: Mangifera
It is the favorite King of fruit for Indian's and all people from the world due to its varieties and sweetens the taste. It can consume directly, or it can use to produce multiple desserts and smoothies like cake, mousse, kulfi, kheer, etc. There are lots of varieties available in this, which you can use to make varieties of dishes.
The Mango (Mangifera indica L.), is the most inexpensive tropical fruit crop in the family Cashew family Anacardiaceae or Sumac Family (or poison ivy family) this family is of flowering plants. It includes nearly 83 genera and approximately 580 to 860 known species.
Other significant members of the tropical family:
- Pistachio (Pistacia vera)
- Cashew (Anacardium occidentale)
- Wild cashew (Anacardium occidentale)
- Gandaria (Bouea gandaria)
- Pepper tree (Schinus molle)
- Smoke tree (Cotinus)
- Poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
- Mombins (Spondias spp.).
These members of trees are local to the warm and subtropical and tropical province of the world.
The name Anacardium originated in the Greek language, which applies as the core of fruit or heart to the nut, which is externally situated. Cardium in greek means "heart while ana means "upward," so the meaning is the upward heart."
With a few of these family representatives are in temperate regions, with leaves contains caustic oils, barks, and fruits and prominent resinous bark (means bark, which grows resin needlessly to say in forms below the bark).
Apart from its tasty fruit, Anacardiaceous breed also produces other precious products like varnishes, wood, resins, gums, honey, wax, and tanning substances.
Lots of people may have allergic irritation if they have poison ivy allergy. It is known for the dermal irritation produced by some of its members. It may cause some form of dermatitis in humans if they are allergic to the same (it is the very rarest percentage of humans who have an allergy. Instead, people love this fruit). Hence it is amazing those world's major loved fruit crops come with this family. Even those who have poison ivy allergy may be allergic to cashew nuts and pistachio also.
From which habitat Mangifera Indica belongs?
It is a thousand-year-old fruit that is local to South Asia. India is the mainland where worlds 53% of this fruit cultivation happens, which distributed around the countries in subtropical climates. Apart from India, it found in the part of Africa, America, Vietnam, Thailand, South Korea, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
Description of Mangifera Indica Plant:
The plant is the very height with an approx height of 20-45 mt. It has a strong trunk, dome-shaped structure, and ever going green. The average life of this plant is 250-300 years. The tree is full of leaves with red, green, and yellow-colored flowers. It can produce a different kind of fruit with various shapes and sizes as well as the taste of each fruit varies.
What is the practical use?
In each stage, is used in different ways. It is the fruit that you can use when it raw/unripe, and sweet completely. Here have a look at the practical use of it.
- Unripe/raw: It has a sour taste, looks dry, tart, and Pitts doshas. It used to make pickles of different varieties, as well as it drained out to store.
- Sour : The taste is also bitter, which cause imbalance like menstrual problem and gout but, it is suitable for heart and skin.
- Sweet : At this stage, It is used mostly because of the sweeter taste. It helps to used make a mouth-watering recipe as well as improves to treat problems like paralysis, bloating, neuralgia, and constipation.
- Scientific name: Mangifera indica
- English name: Mangue
- Hindi name: Aam
- marathi Name : Amba
- Sanskrit name
- आम्रम् aamram
- रसालम् rsaalam
- अतिसौरभ atisaurabhh
- मधुदूत: madhu doot
- पिक वल्लभ: pikvallabh
- वसंत दूत: vasant doot
- कोकिलोत्सव: kokilotsava
- शुकप्रिय: shukpriya
- मन्मथावास : manmathavaas.
- Gujararti : કેરી
- Kannada : ಮಾವು
- Tamil : Mankani, மாங்கனி
- Bangla : আম
- Punjabi : Aba, ਅੰਬ
- Greek : mán'nko
So, we can call this fruit as the magical fruit associated with several benefits as well as you can make several desserts as well. If you ever travel a part of the world where people cannot come under Aam, you can call its scientific name, i.e., Mangifera Indica.
Tree grows mostly in the tropical region of the world. It needs a temperature above 30°F. It damages the tree if the temperature goes below 30°F for continuous-time.
There are individual trees in India which are nearly 36 to 42 meters in height with canopy top radius of 10 to 11 meters (around 33 to 35 feet)
World's biggest tree is in Bangladesh, which spread across half a hectare.
In Konkan, there are two types of trees one is a bigger version, which is high in height, and another is dwarf, which called Ropdal in Marathi.
How many Mangoes does a tree produce
In the age group of 20 plus years of a tree, it bears nearly 900 to 3500 fruits in an average per year. After the tree reaches thirty to fifty years, the fruit-bearing capacity starts to decline.
How long grafted Alphonso Mango tree takes to bear fruit.
It takes around five to six years to bear fruit on a tree. Because by this time, it is sufficiently mature to bear the tasty fruits.
How many times does a mango tree produce fruit?
After the tree becomes mature enough to bear fruit, i.e., after 5 to 6 years, in a starting period of 9 to 10 years, there is an excellent fruit-bearing, which you will get a harvest of each year from the tree. Once you complete 15 years of the life of tree, the tree may leave year's gap in each flowering and bear fruits in alternate years only.
Each tree flowers in winter generally in Konkan it flowers in October to November this year due to unseasonal rains it delayed to February.
Flowers produced on terminal panicles or clusters, which is four to seventeen inches in length of the branch. This flowering is called a Mohor or Amba Mohor in Local Indian Language.
Each flower comes with white petals, and they are small in shape and carry a mild sweet tasty aroma. The flowers are pollinated by insects or air with a very low probability of less than 1 percent of the flowers will mature to form a fruit. Now you can understand The reason why Alphonso is always costly.
Flowering on the fruit tree is a beautiful scenic sight, and you will enjoy the same.
Leaves are green lush, which beautifies the tree, which is four to sixteen inches long and nearly one and a half to four inches in width with almost 1 to 2 mm in thickness.
We often try to overlook those shiny green leaves that make trees so good looking than other trees.
Some people in India consume leaves directly. Leaves has great cultural importance in Asian countries like India.
Leaves used for pooja and worship of god and goddess. Leaves are a symbol of prosperity due to their lush green color.
Most of the Indian people use on Kalash (utensil or water pot) during their rituals in multiple Hindu pooja vidhi (Ceremony). At the same time, leaves symbolize the lib of god and goddess with a single coconut on the Kumbha or Kalash.
Leaves signify goddess Lakshmi which gives prosperity in your life and removes negativity from your life.
Every part of this fantastic and marvelous fruit use for different purposes. There are medical benefits associated with seeds, pulp, leaves, bark, and fruit. Aam is the common name in which people of India can relate to this fruit while it is the English name. But, do you know what it's a botanical name? So, Mangifera indica is the scientific name of the tree.
Sometimes on the occasion of Dasera, Diwali, Gudipadwa, and Sankrant. A garland of leaves or toran hanged on the entrance and door of the house. In marriages and pooja vidhi leaves hanged on the gate, which is for welcoming Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Vishnu to your home or function. Instead, in the Marriage ceremony, a small branch of trees with banana tree s put on the entrance.
Leaves are rich with antioxidants with Minerals like potassium, magnesium, and copper. It is also rich with Vitamins like Vitamin A and C.
Most of the diabetic people eat this leaves for multiple benefits. Some of them consume leaves directly those some of them who leaves are not easily accessible can drink leaves tea.
Mango Leaves Health Benefits
Leaves are rich with high medicinal values as per Ayurveda and herbal science, Upanishads, and Sushruta, Baidyanath. Following are health benefits:
Acts like Blood Glucose Regulator help regulate diabetes
- Leaves contain tannins, which called anthocyanidins.
- Plant pigments, the sugar-free partners of anthocyanins
- Anthocyanidins offer anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, and anti-cancer benefits.
- Help in the treatment of early diabetes
Heals burns and burn marks.
Apply leaves ash on the burn. Soothes the skin and gets relief slowly to the part where there are burning aches.
Help in Dysentery
Leaves are the best medicine for bleeding dysentery. You need to take a decoction of leaves nearly two to three times a day.
Lowers Blood Pressure
- With Hypotensive properties
- Helps in Varicose veins
- Helps to strengthen blood nerves and vessels
The best remedy for Ear aches
Clean leaves gently under running water and make a decoction of leaves and water reduce t to one fourth once the decoction is like Lukewarm or bearable temperature put it like ear drops in the ear it acts as a pain killer.
Controls Anxiety and Restlessness
- You can add 400 grams of dried leaves to your water while bath and a cup of leave tea help you relax and keep you calm.
Helps in Kidney stone and Gall stone
- Leaves tea if you drink three times a day will help you to dissolve Gall stone and kidney stones.
- You can mix nearly 5 grams of leaves powder in a glass of water let it rest overnight and drink in the early morning before any food it helps in gall stone and kidney stone.
Asthma, Respiratory problems, Cold and Bronchitis
- Prepare leaves connotation with a spoon of honey boil the water till half and drink it helps in respiratory problems.
Best Natural Mouthwash for continues stinking mouth
- Put leaves, or leaves powder in water boil like a tea and rinse with this mixture.
Each tree gets essential sunlight. fruit that get more sunlight get the reddish blush on the at the stem end. It takes approximately four months for maturing this sweet fruit. Due to the weight of fruit, the branches may bow down due to fruit weight.
Each fruit is hand-harvested and transported to the nearest packing house after choosing the condition of maturity only.
You usually enjoy the freshness in orchards because it absorbs more carbon dioxide than other trees from the environment, using it to form the lush green leaves, fruit, trunk, and branches of the tree. The trees produce and release an excellent level of oxygen into the environment during this photosynthesis and breathe. It is a beautiful living thing that gives back to Mother Nature and planet with high oxygen, medicinal values of the tree, tasty fruit, which always helps you to grow in arms of Mother Nature.
There are nearly 1500 varieties, and commercial variety counts for approximately 1000 variety are known while in India, 300 types of known, out of which nearly 34 are known as standard varieties.