Mango a tasty tropical fruit
Mango a sweet tasty & juicy tropical drupe fruit (Stone fruit) cultivated from multiple tropical trees.
Which are a variety of flowering blooming plant genus Mangifera, cultured for their edible, tasty mesmerizing fruit all over India, Asia, and other countries.
The drupe fruit with tropical origin is the best health supplement fruit complete tree is so usefull that in Sanskrita tree is called as Kalpavriksha means it Leaves, fruit, bark and roots all is useful.
Mango, a sweet yummylicious fruit, tastes marvels. There are lots of varieties in India.
Scientific Name : Mangifera indica
Historians have researched that it originated from the Indian area, including Bangladesh, Myanmar, and North-eastern India.
Earlier historians and travelers who used to travel in India or Indian travelers who used to go out of India in their articles suggest that it originated in India.
Then it was propagated to the rest of the world and South East Asia due to its lovely taste of the King of fruit.
Scientific and Technical Description
Scientific name: Mangifera indica L.
Higher classification: Mangifera
It is the favorite King of fruit for Indians and everyone worldwide due to its variety and sweet taste.
It can consume directly, or it can use to produce multiple desserts and smoothies like cake, mousse, kulfi, kheer, Etc.
There are many varieties available in this, which you can use to make various dishes.
The Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is the most inexpensive tropical fruit crop in the Cashew family Anacardiaceae or Sumac Family (or poison ivy family).
This family is of flowering plants. It includes nearly 83 genera and approximately 580 to 860 known species.
Other significant members of the tropical family:
- Pistachio (Pistacia vera)
- Cashew (Anacardium occidentale)
- Wild cashew (Anacardium occidentale)
- Gandaria (Bouea gandaria)
- Pepper tree (Schinus molle)
- Smoke tree (Cotinus)
- Poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)
- Mombins (Spondias spp.).
These members of trees are local to the warm and subtropical, and tropical provinces of the world.
The name Anacardium originated in Greek and applied to the core of the fruit or the nut's heart, which is externally situated.
Cardium in greek means "heart while ana means "upward," so the meaning is upward heart."
A few of these family representatives are in temperate regions, with leaves containing caustic oils, barks, and fruits and prominent resinous bark (which means bark that grows resin needlessly, in forms below the bark).
Besides its tasty fruit, the Anacardiaceous breed produces other precious products like varnishes, wood, resins, gums, honey, wax, and tanning.
Many people may have allergic irritation if they have a poison ivy allergy. It is known for the dermal irritation produced by some of its members.
Those with poison ivy allergies may also be allergic to cashew nuts and pistachio.
It may cause some form of dermatitis in humans if they are allergic to the same (it is the rarest percentage of humans who have an allergy. Instead, people love this fruit). Hence it is amazing that the world's major loved fruit crops come from this family.
From which habitat Mangifera Indica belongs?
It is a thousand-year-old fruit that is local to South Asia. India is the mainland where 53% of this fruit cultivation happens, distributed around the countries in subtropical climates. Apart from India, it is found in parts of Africa, America, Vietnam, Thailand, South Korea, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
Description of Mangifera Indica Plant:
The plant is very height, with an approx height of 20-45 mt.
It has a strong trunk, dome-shaped structure, and ever-going green.
The tree contains leaves with red, green, and yellow-colored flowers. It can produce different kinds of fruit of various shapes and sizes, and the taste of each fruit varies.
The average life of this plant is 250-300 years.
What is the practical use?
Each stage is used in different ways. It is the fruit you can use when it is raw/unripe and sweet. Here have a look at its practical use of it.
- Unripe/raw: It has a sour taste, and looks dry, tart, and Pitts doshas.
- It is used to make pickles of different varieties and drained out to store.
- Sour: The taste is also bitter, which cause imbalance like menstrual problem and gout, but it is suitable for the heart and skin.
- Sweet: At this stage, It is used mostly because of the sweeter taste. It helps make a mouth-watering recipe and improves to treat problems like paralysis, bloating neuralgia, and constipation.
- Scientific name: Mangifera indica
- English name: Mangue
- Hindi name: Aam
- Marathi Name: Amba
- Sanskrit name
- रसालम्: salaam
- अतिसौरभ:at Saurabh
- मधुदूत: Madhu doot
- पिक वल्लभ: pikvallabh
- वसंत दूत: Vasant doot
- कोकिलोत्सव: kokilotsava
- शुकप्रिय: shukpriya
- मन्मथावास : manmathavaas.
- Gujarati: કેરી
- Kannada: ಮಾವು
- Tamil : Mankani, மாங்கனி
- Bangla: আম
- Punjabi: Aba, ਅੰਬ
- Greek: mán'nko
So, we call this fruit the magical fruit associated with several benefits. You can make several desserts as well.
Suppose you ever travel to a part where people cannot come under Aam. In that case, you can call its scientific name, i.e., Mangifera Indica.
A tree grows mostly in the tropical region of the world.
It needs a temperature above 30°F.
It damages the tree if the temperature goes below 30°F for a continuous time.
There are individual trees in India that are nearly 36 to 42 meters in height with a canopy top radius of 10 to 11 meters (around 33 to 35 feet)
The world's biggest tree is in Bangladesh, which is half a hectare.
In Konkan, there are two types of trees: a bigger version, which is high in height, and another, a dwarf, called Ropdal in Marathi.
How many Mangoes does a tree produce?
In the age group of 20-plus years, a tree bears nearly 900 to 3500 fruits annually.
After the tree reaches thirty to fifty years, the fruit-bearing capacity declines.
How long does a grafted Alphonso Mango tree take to bear fruit?
It takes around five to six years to bear fruit on a tree. Because by this time, it is sufficiently mature to bear the tasty fruits.
How many times does a mango tree produce fruit?
After the tree becomes mature enough to bear fruit, i.e., after 5 to 6 years, in a starting period of 9 to 10 years, there is an excellent fruit-bearing, which you will get a harvest of each year from the tree.
Once you complete 15 years of the life of a tree, the tree may leave a year's gap in each flowering and bear fruits in alternate years only.
Each tree generally flowers in winter in Konkan, from October to November; this year, it is delayed to February due to unseasonal rains.
Flowers are produced on terminal panicles or clusters, four to seventeen inches in length of the branch.
This flowering is called a Motor or Amba Mohor in the Local Indian Language.
Now you can understand the reason why Alphonso Mango is always costly.
Each flower comes with white petals, which are small in shape and carry a mild sweet tasty aroma.
The flowers are pollinated by insects or air, with a very low probability of less than 1 percent of the flowers will mature to form a fruit.
Flowering on the fruit tree is a beautiful scenic sight, and you will enjoy the same.
Leaves are green and lush, beautifying the tree, which is four to sixteen inches long and nearly one and a half to four inches in width with almost 1 to 2 mm in thickness.
We often overlook the shiny green leaves that make trees so good-looking than other trees.
Some people in India consume leaves directly.
Leaves have great cultural importance in Asian countries like India.
Leaves are used for pooja and worship of gods and goddesses.
Leaves are a symbol of prosperity due to their lush green color.
Most Indian people use Kalash (utensil or water pot) during their rituals in multiple Hindu pooja vidhi (Ceremonies).
At the same time, leaves symbolize the lib of god and goddess with a single coconut on the Kumbha or Kalash.
Leaves signify the goddess Lakshmi which gives prosperity in your life and removes negativity from your life.
Every part of this fantastic and marvelous fruit is used for different purposes. Medical benefits are associated with seeds, pulp, leaves, bark, and fruit.
Aam is the common name to which people of India can relate to this fruit, while it is the English name.
But do you know what it's a botanical name? So, Mangifera indica is the scientific name of the tree.
Sometimes on the occasion of Dasera, Diwali, Gudipadwa, and Sankrant. A garland of leaves or toran hung on the house's entrance and door.
In marriages and pooja, vidhi leaves hanged on the gate, which is for welcoming Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Vishnu to your home or function.
Instead, in the Marriage ceremony, a small branch of trees with banana tree s put at the entrance.
Leaves are rich in antioxidants with Minerals like potassium, magnesium, and copper.
It is also rich in Vitamins like vitamins A and C.
Most diabetic people eat these leaves for multiple benefits.
Some consume leaves directly; some of them, whose leaves are not easily accessible, can drink tea.
Mango Leaves Health Benefits
Leaves are rich with high medicinal values as per Ayurveda and herbal science, Upanishads, and Sushruta, Baidyanath.
The following are health benefits:
Acts like Blood Glucose Regulators help regulate diabetes.
- Leaves contain tannins, which are called anthocyanidins.
- Plant pigments, the sugar-free partners of anthocyanins
- Anthocyanidins offer anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, and anti-cancer benefits.
- Help in the treatment of early diabetes
Heals burns and burn marks.
Apply leaves ash on the burn.
Soothes the skin and gets relief slowly to the part where there are burning aches.
Help in Dysentery
Leaves are the best medicine for bleeding dysentery.
It would help if you took a decoction of leaves nearly two to three times a day.
Lowers Blood Pressure
- With Hypotensive properties
- Helps in Varicose veins
- Helps to strengthen blood nerves and vessels
The best remedy for Ear aches
Clean leaves gently under running water and make a decoction of leaves and water. Reduce it to one-fourth once the decoction is like Lukewarm or bearable temperature. Put it like eardrops in the ear. It acts as a pain killer.
Controls Anxiety and Restlessness
- You can add 400 grams of dried leaves to your water while bath, and a cup of leave tea will help you relax and keep you calm.
Helps in Kidney stone and Gall stone
- Leaves tea, if you drink it three times a day, will help dissolve Gall stone and kidney stones.
- You can mix nearly 5 grams of leaf powder in a glass of water, let it rest overnight, and drink it in the early morning before any food; it helps in gallstones and kidney stones.
Asthma, Respiratory problems, Cold and Bronchitis
- Prepare leaves connotation with a spoon of honey, boil the water till half and drink it helps with respiratory problems.
Best Natural Mouthwash for continued stinking mouth
- Put leaves, or leaves powder in water, boil-like tea, and rinse with this mixture.
Each tree gets essential sunlight. Fruit that gets more sunlight gets a reddish blush at the stem end.
Due to the weight of the fruit, the branches may bow down due to fruit weight.
It takes approximately four months to mature this sweet fruit.
Each fruit is hand-harvested and transported to the nearest packing house after choosing the condition of maturity only.
You usually enjoy the freshness in orchards because it absorbs more carbon dioxide than other trees from the environment, using it to form the tree's lush green leaves, fruit, trunk, and branches.
The trees produce and release an excellent oxygen level into the environment during this photosynthesis and breathing.
It is a beautiful living thing that gives back to Mother Nature and the planet with high oxygen, medicinal values of the tree, and tasty fruit, which always helps you grow in Mother Nature's arms.
There are nearly 1500 varieties, and commercial variety counts for approximately 1000 varieties are known.
In India, 300 types of known, out of which nearly 34 are known as standard varieties.